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Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Etude pour la frise de 'Agriculture' pour le Salon... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Etude pour la frise de 'Agriculture' pour le Salon...
Study for The Death of Sardanapalus - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study for The Death of Sardanapalus
The Death of Ophelia1 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Death of Ophelia1
The Lara's death - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Lara's death
Pieta - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Pieta
Chevalier En Armure - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Chevalier En Armure
Sitting Arab in Tanger - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Sitting Arab in Tanger
Moroccan horsemen in military action 1832 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan horsemen in military action 1832
Tiger Hunt - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Tiger Hunt
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila...
George Sand - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
George Sand
The Maroccan and its horse - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Maroccan and its horse
Mazeppa - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Mazeppa
Painting in the dome of the poetry - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Painting in the dome of the poetry
Madame Henri Francois Riesener - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Madame Henri Francois Riesener
Young Arab in his Room - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Young Arab in his Room
Lion et lionne dans les montagnes - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion et lionne dans les montagnes
The flight of Lot - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The flight of Lot
A severed Hand and two corchs of a Leg - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A severed Hand and two corchs of a Leg
The Entombment Of Christ 1848 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Entombment Of Christ 1848
A man in armour on horseback, with studies of a horse's... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A man in armour on horseback, with studies of a horse's...
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail) 2 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail) 2
Jacob fights with a man of the sky - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Jacob fights with a man of the sky
Mehmet II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Mehmet II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
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