Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 8 of 14   Paintings: 318
Justice (detail 1) 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Justice (detail 1) 1833-37
The Garonne 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Garonne 1833-37
Basket of Flowers 1848 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Basket of Flowers 1848
Heliodoros Driven from the Temple (detail) 1854-61 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Heliodoros Driven from the Temple (detail) 1854-61
Yound Woman Leaning over a Woman Stretched out on the... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Yound Woman Leaning over a Woman Stretched out on the...
The Wild Boar Hunt after a painting by Rubens 1840... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Wild Boar Hunt after a painting by Rubens 1840...
Madame Henri Francois Riesener - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Madame Henri Francois Riesener
The Justice of Trajan - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Justice of Trajan
Study For The War Coffer 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study For The War Coffer 1833-37
The Coast of Spain at Salabrena - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Coast of Spain at Salabrena
Moroccan Chieftain Receiving Tribute - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan Chieftain Receiving Tribute
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard 1843 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard 1843
Smoking Turk - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Smoking Turk
Portrait of Aspasie - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Portrait of Aspasie
Hamlet and Horatio in the Cemetery 1859 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Hamlet and Horatio in the Cemetery 1859
Self-portrait 2 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Self-portrait 2
Columbus and His Son at La Rábida - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Columbus and His Son at La Rábida
Odalisque1 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Odalisque1
Gentleman on a Dark Brown Hunter - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Gentleman on a Dark Brown Hunter
Lion et lionne dans les montagnes - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion et lionne dans les montagnes
Murder of the bishop von Luettich - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Murder of the bishop von Luettich
Moroccan horsemen in military action 1832 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan horsemen in military action 1832
War 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
War 1833-37
A man in armour on horseback, with studies of a horse's... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A man in armour on horseback, with studies of a horse's...

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Page 8 of 14   Paintings: 318