Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 7 of 14   Paintings: 318
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail) 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail) 1824
Daniel in the Lions' Den - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Daniel in the Lions' Den
Cliffs near Dieppe - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Cliffs near Dieppe
Moroccan sheikh visits his trunk - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan sheikh visits his trunk
Woman with White Stockings - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Woman with White Stockings
Alexander und die Epen Homers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Alexander und die Epen Homers
The prisoner of Chillon - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The prisoner of Chillon
Christ on the Sea of Galilee - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Sea of Galilee
The Banks of the River Sebou - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Banks of the River Sebou
The Porte d'Amont, Etretat - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Porte d'Amont, Etretat
Christ on the Lake of Gennezaret (sketch) c. 1841 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Lake of Gennezaret (sketch) c. 1841
Female Nude Killed From Behind - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Female Nude Killed From Behind
The Mediterranean 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Mediterranean 1833-37
Moroccan Landscape near Tangiers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan Landscape near Tangiers
Horse - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Horse
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila...
The Garonne 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Garonne 1833-37
Tiger - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Tiger
Lion and Alligator 1863 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion and Alligator 1863
Heliodoros Driven from the Temple (detail) 1854-61 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Heliodoros Driven from the Temple (detail) 1854-61
Yound Woman Leaning over a Woman Stretched out on the... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Yound Woman Leaning over a Woman Stretched out on the...
Justice (detail 1) 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Justice (detail 1) 1833-37
The Coast of Spain at Salabrena - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Coast of Spain at Salabrena
Study For The War Coffer 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study For The War Coffer 1833-37

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Page 7 of 14   Paintings: 318