Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 7 of 14   Paintings: 318
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Attila rode over Italy and the arts, detail Attila...
Lion and Alligator 1863 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion and Alligator 1863
Study of Sky- Setting Sun c. 1849 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study of Sky- Setting Sun c. 1849
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail) 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail) 1824
Crossing a stream in Morocco - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Crossing a stream in Morocco
The Porte d'Amont, Etretat - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Porte d'Amont, Etretat
The Abduction of Rebecca 1858 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Abduction of Rebecca 1858
Mazeppa - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Mazeppa
Christ on the Sea of Galilee - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Sea of Galilee
Moroccan sheikh visits his trunk - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan sheikh visits his trunk
Faust and Mephistopheles 1826 27 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Faust and Mephistopheles 1826 27
Tiger - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Tiger
Alexander und die Epen Homers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Alexander und die Epen Homers
Cliffs near Dieppe - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Cliffs near Dieppe
The Mediterranean 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Mediterranean 1833-37
Christ on the Lake of Gennezaret (sketch) c. 1841 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Lake of Gennezaret (sketch) c. 1841
The Banks of the River Sebou - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Banks of the River Sebou
Chevalier En Armure - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Chevalier En Armure
Triumph of Bacchus - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Triumph of Bacchus
Basket of Flowers 1848 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Basket of Flowers 1848
Moroccan Landscape near Tangiers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan Landscape near Tangiers
Female Nude Killed From Behind - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Female Nude Killed From Behind
Christ on the Cross - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Cross
The Garonne 1833-37 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Garonne 1833-37

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Page 7 of 14   Paintings: 318