Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 5 of 14   Paintings: 318
The Massacre of Chios (2) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Massacre of Chios (2)
The Battle of Tailleburg (Detail of Louis IX on white... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Battle of Tailleburg (Detail of Louis IX on white...
The Natchez 1823-35 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Natchez 1823-35
Aspasia c. 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Aspasia c. 1824
Attila and his Hordes Overrun Italy and the Arts (detail)... - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Attila and his Hordes Overrun Italy and the Arts (detail)...
Liberty Leading the People (detail 2) 1830 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Liberty Leading the People (detail 2) 1830
Self-Portrait with Cap 1832 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Self-Portrait with Cap 1832
Page Of A Sketchbook - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Page Of A Sketchbook
A lioness attacking a crocodile - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A lioness attacking a crocodile
Study For Jenny Le Guillou And Josephine De Forget - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study For Jenny Le Guillou And Josephine De Forget
Bouquet of Flowers 1849-50 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Bouquet of Flowers 1849-50
The Fanatics of Tangier - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Fanatics of Tangier
Study of a Reclining Nude - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Study of a Reclining Nude
Aspasia I - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Aspasia I
Cliff at Etretat - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Cliff at Etretat
The Medea's fury - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Medea's fury
Apollo Slays Python c. 1850 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Apollo Slays Python c. 1850
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail) 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail) 1827
Sketch for The Death of Sardanapalus c. 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Sketch for The Death of Sardanapalus c. 1827
Tasso in the Madhouse 1839 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Tasso in the Madhouse 1839
The Lion Hunt in Marocco - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Lion Hunt in Marocco
The lion and the caiman - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The lion and the caiman
Liberty Leading the People (Detail) 1 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Liberty Leading the People (Detail) 1
Two Women at the Well 1832 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Two Women at the Well 1832

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Page 5 of 14   Paintings: 318