Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 5 of 27   Paintings: 318
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard
Woman with a Parrot 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Woman with a Parrot 1827
The Execution of Doge Marino Faliero 1825-26 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Execution of Doge Marino Faliero 1825-26
A Turkish Man on a Grey Horse attacking - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A Turkish Man on a Grey Horse attacking
Stadtmauer of Meknes (from that Moroccan sketch book) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Stadtmauer of Meknes (from that Moroccan sketch book)
The Death of Ophelia 1843 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Death of Ophelia 1843
Two Moroccans Seated In The Countryside - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Two Moroccans Seated In The Countryside
Christ on the Lake of Gennesaret - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Lake of Gennesaret
Bouquet of Flowers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Bouquet of Flowers
Jewish Wedding in Morocco (detail) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Jewish Wedding in Morocco (detail)
Apollo Slays Python (detail) 1850-51 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Apollo Slays Python (detail) 1850-51
A corner of the studio - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A corner of the studio

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Page 5 of 27   Paintings: 318