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Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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After the Shipwreck - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
After the Shipwreck
Apollo Slays Python (detail) 1850-51 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Apollo Slays Python (detail) 1850-51
The Execution of Doge Marino Faliero 1825-26 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Execution of Doge Marino Faliero 1825-26
Apasia - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Apasia
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail 2) 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail 2) 1824
Bouquet of Flowers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Bouquet of Flowers
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard 1839 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard 1839
Lion Hunt 1861 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion Hunt 1861
An Arab Horseman at the Gallop - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
An Arab Horseman at the Gallop
Female Nude, Killed from Behind c. 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Female Nude, Killed from Behind c. 1827
The Sea from the Heights of Dieppe 1852 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Sea from the Heights of Dieppe 1852
Marocan And His Horse - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Marocan And His Horse
A corner of the studio - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A corner of the studio
A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother 1830 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother 1830
Self-Portrait as Ravenswood c. 1821 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Self-Portrait as Ravenswood c. 1821
Woman with a Parrot 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Woman with a Parrot 1827
Bay of Tanger in Morocco - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Bay of Tanger in Morocco
Male Academy Figure  Probably Polonais  Standing - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Male Academy Figure Probably Polonais Standing
Christ on the Lake of Gennesaret - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Christ on the Lake of Gennesaret
Women of Algiers in Their Apartmente - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Women of Algiers in Their Apartmente
Two Moroccans Seated In The Countryside - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Two Moroccans Seated In The Countryside
Mlle Rose 1817-20 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Mlle Rose 1817-20
Portrait of Frédéric Chopin (unfinished) 1838 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Portrait of Frédéric Chopin (unfinished) 1838
Andromeda 1852 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Andromeda 1852
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