Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott, and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

In contrast to the Neoclassical perfectionism of his chief rival Ingres, Delacroix took for his inspiration the art of Rubens and painters of the Venetian Renaissance, with an attendant emphasis on color and movement rather than clarity of outline and carefully modeled form. Dramatic and romantic content characterized the central themes of his maturity, and led him not to the classical models of Greek and Roman art, but to travel in North Africa, in search of the exotic. Friend and spiritual heir to Théodore Géricault, Delacroix was also inspired by Byron, with whom he shared a strong identification with the "forces of the sublime", of nature in often violent action.

However, Delacroix was given neither to sentimentality nor bombast, and his Romanticism was that of an individualist. In the words of Baudelaire, "Delacroix was passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible."
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Page 2 of 14   Paintings: 318
St George killing the dragon - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
St George killing the dragon
A Mortally Wounded Brigand Quenches his Thirst - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A Mortally Wounded Brigand Quenches his Thirst
Moroccan Military Exercises - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan Military Exercises
Louis d'Orleans Showing his Mistress 1825-26 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Louis d'Orleans Showing his Mistress 1825-26
The Barque of Dante 1822 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Barque of Dante 1822
Girl Seated in a Cemetery 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Girl Seated in a Cemetery 1824
Lion Devouring a Rabbit - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion Devouring a Rabbit
The Sultan of Morocco and his Entourage - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Sultan of Morocco and his Entourage
arab horseman attacked by a lion (1849) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
arab horseman attacked by a lion (1849)
Sketch for Attila - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Sketch for Attila
Jewish Wedding in Morocco - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Jewish Wedding in Morocco
Odalisque Reclining on a Divan 1827-28 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Odalisque Reclining on a Divan 1827-28
Femmes turques au bain - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Femmes turques au bain
Moroccan Women 1832 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Moroccan Women 1832
Lion Hunt 1854 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Lion Hunt 1854
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail 2) 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Massacre at Chios (1) (detail 2) 1824
Bay of Tanger in Morocco - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Bay of Tanger in Morocco
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
The Death of Sardanapalus (detail)
Shipwreck of Don Juan 1840 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Shipwreck of Don Juan 1840
Stadtmauer of Meknes (from that Moroccan sketch book) - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Stadtmauer of Meknes (from that Moroccan sketch book)
A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother 1830 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A Young Tiger Playing with its Mother 1830
A Mad Woman 1822 - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
A Mad Woman 1822
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Hamlet and Horatio in the Graveyard
Charles VI and Odette de Champdivers - Eugene Delacroix - www.eugenedelacroix.org
Charles VI and Odette de Champdivers

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Page 2 of 14   Paintings: 318